The use of cultural controls is advised to curb pest problems early and make the crop less vulnerable to insect infestations. It is an eye opener for me as I will be using okra for my PhD research. As stated earlier in this okra cultivation guide, okra is a heat-loving annual crop. It also explains the step by step method of producing okra starting from land preparation to harvest and through to storage. Did I mention that this is a complete okra cultivation guide? You don’t want okra roots to remain wet or they will get root rot. Once they start growing, it’s easy to transplant okra into gardens or containers. You can snap off the okra pods by hand or cut using a knife or scissors. The crop grows well in warm climates with a minimum temperature of 22˚C and maximum temperature of 35˚C. How to Grow Okra When to Plant Okra. I learned more about growing okra. Rural Living Gardening | Hydroponics | Generators, Backyard Chickens | Barbecue Grills | Greenhouses | Prepping | Livestock. Weeds such as Bermuda grass, crabgrass, goosegrass, nutsedge, morning glory, and sicklepod affect okra plants badly. You just want to grow one okra plant in each space. It’s a warm climate plant and hates the cold. When harvesting okra for processing, you have to break or snap the pods in a manner that leaves the stem on the plant and not on the pod. Application of approved nematicides prior to planting reduces Fusarium wilt. Okra belongs to a select group of crops that will produce during extended periods of stressful conditions and is a consistent producer even with hot and dry conditions. If done properly, these steps will bring the plants to an optimum maturity to produce a heavy seed crop. Spray with neem a couple of times to discourage pests. You’ll see after an okra flowers, it quickly starts growing an okra pod. There are typically four days from the flower to the pod. When the okra pods first start growing, harvest okra when they are small. Wait a few days, and then transplant. Just like the Emerald species, this okra variety has round pod shape and it takes about 56 – 59 days to mature for harvest. You can also eat okra leaves raw when young or cooked as they get older. Okra is easy to grow if you live in growing zone 7 or higher. How to Prepare Okra: Reduce sliminess in okra by soaking in vinegar for half an hour before cooking. Till to a depth of 8″ – 10″. It’s important to pick okra every other day at the most. If you already have some growth, it may be they aren’t getting enough sun. On a general note, NPK 10:10:10 or NPK 15:15:15 will do. You need to look for the okra; the pods are sometimes hard to see. Okra is a food gaining popularity because of it's impressive nutrition profile. Emerald is a spineless variety of okra having a semi-cut leaf and a smooth round pod shape. Generally, okra planting should commence in the dry season when the weather is still warm and sunny. Strange things happen in nature. To avoid damaging the okra roots, pull weeds close to the plants by hand. However, the disease rarely causes significant damage to the plant. This Southern staple comes in many forms and local restaurants are using the veggie to jazz up their dishes. In addition, you can eat okra flowers in salads. Okra should feel fuzzy like a peach. This means that the okra is in 12-16 weeks or 3-4 months old. Okra contains vitamin A and beta-carotene that are essential nutrients for maintaining good eyesight. As more glycogen (body fuel) is stored in the body, it implies that you will not get tired quickly. Research has it that intercropping okra with onions significantly reduced the leaf damage caused by Podagrica spp. It has an angular shaped pod and takes about 55 – 58 days to mature for harvest before it is supplied fresh to the market. To make them germinate faster, soak the seeds in a glass of water overnight. When they grow to an inch, keep the strongest and largest one, and snip the other two. This is a spineless variety with bright green, star-shaped pods, requiring 53 to 55 days to reach maturity. If you live in a warm or hot climate, and plant okra after the last frost in soil that’s 65 degrees or warmer, okra will grow easily. If your okra plants have ideal conditions, they can produce 20 – 30+ pods per plant. Okra has a unique texture. Okra is an economically important vegetable crop of many countries in Africa, including Ghana, Zambia Ethiopia, Nigeria, Egpyt and many others. It has the nickname “lady’s finger” and people in most other places sometimes call it “gumbo.”. It’s important to know when okra is ready to pick. You can easily grow it in a pot or container if you don’t have a garden. They grow back. Okra tolerates mild drought and dry conditions. 5 Sprinkle ¼ pound of 21-0-0 fertilizer over every 100 square feet of bed after the pods begin to form. They grow taller and produce more pods with space. Okra—you either LOVE it or you hate it. It will be difficult to chew and eat. The ideal temperature for planting okra seeds or transplants is 65 degrees F or higher at a depth of 4 inches. IF you plant your Okra on May 1st, you could expect pods to appear close to harvest around July 5th or earlier.. Now, our last frost date here would give us over 3+ months remaining in the growing season; We’ll be generous, and say that we have exactly 3 months; or twelve weeks of mature okra plants producing pods for us. Okra does well on many soil types and this makes it easy for you to start up. Take off about one third of the plant's total height. You can grow okra in zone 5 but will need to take greater care with the plants. Okra was discovered around Ethiopia during the 12th century B.C. Then, wait to pick another one when it grows larger and compare the tastes to see what you like better. Okra contains a lot of vitamin K which promotes quick clotting of blood due to injury or bleeding disorders. Here are some varieties of okra: Don’t plant okra in the same spot each year, no matter how well it grew. Use a garden hoe to make 1"-deep furrows in the garden bed. Cook in small batches. See more below on seed preparation. Okra can be grown in almost any region, but there are some things you should know before adding it to your vegetable garden. The important thing is to use good quality soil the next season. I've grown green beans that made lots of foliage but no beans, tomatoes that should make fist size fruit that produce something in the size of a … You may want to use a moisture meter to check the soil. Therefore, because it’s tall, lean and grows upward, you can maximize the space you have. They need full sun. All containers for storing okra should permit ventilation. Prepare the land to ensure the establishment of a uniform stand. Okra thrives in heat. Be sure to pick them because they grow so fast they will be unusable. There are green, red, purple varieties. Yes, you can grow okra in a pot, planter or container. By this point, it is August. Fresh okra bruises easily, and the bruises blacken within a few hours. Use within 2 to 3 days. Okra held in hampers for more than 24 hours without refrigeration may develop a bleaching type of injury. Although okra is highly resistant to drought, it still requires a considerable evenly distributed annual rainfall of up to 1000mm optimum growth and yield. Best Tips To Grow GALANGAL PLANT in Pot or Container at Home - Daily Lif... 1 . You need to do it in this stage so that you will not worry anymore after. And now knowing how healthy it is, I need to eat more. In addition, you need to give them enough space and the right amount of water. Use intercropping and crop rotation to control weeds and pests, 8. The best control of leaf spot disease would be to follow a suitable crop rotation sequence and to follow a balanced fertilization program. Soils with slightly acidic pH between 5.8 – 6.8 are recommended for optimum growth. There are many names for okra pods. A crowded skillet will bring the heat down, which will create a slime-conducive environment. 9) Deer move in for the fatal blow, and chew them off to stubs again. Take small pruning shears, a knife or scissors and snip them off. For optimum growth, sprinkle organic fertilizer after 4 – 6 weeks of planting. Growing okra is easy because they are hardy by nature and quick growing. Okra can grow quite tall. The soil needs to be a minimum of 65 degrees at a depth of 4″. This will reduce the future yield of pods. It’s fine to sow seeds more thickly, but make sure you thin the final stand to 9 or more inches apart. This can be controlled by avoiding over-fertilization and planting of okra in shady areas. The thin edible skin of the okra can be smooth or downy, depending on the variety; the inside is divided into sections containing numerous edible green or brownish seeds. Pickled okra is easy to make for “putting up” and it can even be grilled alongside your favorite entree. The method of application of chemicals for control of weeds, pests, and diseases in the okra farm should be in controlled measures. Care during the season . Cultural methods of controlling nematodes would be the use of soil solarization, crop rotation, or the use of crops that suppress nematodes. It has high respiration rate and must be promptly cooled. Okra is an annual. Okra seeds take a little longer than other seeds to germinate because of their hard shell. By regulating cholesterol levels in the blood, okra can prevent blockage of arteries, hence, protecting us from cardiovascular diseases. It also prevents osteoporosis (a disease of the bone) and strengthens the bones. Younger okra, 2 – 3″ long, will be more tender and tasty. The ideal growing temperature is 75 – 90 degrees. You can stake them or use a trellis for okra if you want to keep them stable. According to research, okra is a rich source of calcium and magnesium. Plant okra seeds in the ground when soil is consistently higher than 60℉ Prepare okra seeds by Expected yields for okra vary, but can range between 10,000 to 12,000 pounds per acre under good growing conditions in Oklahoma. It’s spindly and doesn’t have a lot of leaves. Use perforated film to package okra because this will reduce wilting and physical injury during handling. Your information will *never* be shared or sold to a 3rd party. Contains lectin that kills breast cancer cells, 9. Depending on where you live, you may have ants, stink bugs, flea beetles, aphids, corn earworms, root pests and more. Don’t leave them for too long. The okra can be harvested when pods are 1/2 to 3/4 inch longer than other varieties and remain tender. Run your okra under tap water, turning it as necessary, to clean all sides. This is an open-pollinated, spineless variety with very dark green, glossy, fluted pods. While weeding, avoid throwing too much dirt directly against the okra stems because doing so can increase the incidence of stem rot. You can stake them to give them more stability but not necessary. Pods are harvested when they are 2½ to 4½ inches long and graded according to these sizes: To get a maximum of these fresh market okra pods, you must harvest every day. You can start okra seeds indoors in peat pots under full light 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost date. Okra uses a lot of energy to produce pods, and extra nitrogen can boost their production. They may lean, especially when a mature plant has several pods growing simultaneously. Okra plants produce a profusion of flowers. Therefore, it’s something to try in areas of your garden where you haven’t been able to grow anything. The pickles are good too. Also, you can store freshly harvested okra that is in good condition for 7 to 10 days at 7° to 10°C satisfactorily. They love the heat and will struggle in the cold. These nutrients are known to prevent eye-related diseases and protect against age-related eye disorders. ; In warmer areas, you can also start okra directly in your garden 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost date as long as you cover the plants with a cold frame or grow tunnel until the weather warms up fully. In addition, you will get just a few pods per plant instead of 20+. Southern gardeners know how to grow Okra. Okra requires a pH between 5.8 – 6.8 for optimum growth. A pH reading of 5 – 6.5 is ideal for okra. Once flowering and pod set begins, blossoms and pods should be checked regularly for insects and feeding damage. It requires about 58 to 60 days to mature. Your efforts here will surely make the plants to bear more flowers and more pods to produce. Wet pods will start to steam, which produces more slime. Its very educative. A study has it that the growth of cancer cells was inhibited by about 63 per cent. If you have an area that gets lots of sun, start growing okra. It’s a warm season vegetable that will flourish. You may opt to pickle them if they get too big. It is best to harvest okra when they are small. It does especially well in the south in growing zone 7 and zone 8. too. You should see growth in 4 – 10 days. See our, Privacy Policy, Disclosures and Affiliate Disclosure. This comprehensive okra production guide will explain the step by step process of growing okra with massive yield expectation. If its like most plants, when you trim the terminal buds, the IAA and kinetin will be limited and it sprout laterally. Let the okra seeds you harvest from your okra set through the winter months. At temperatures below 7°C, okra is subject to chilling injury. They start to bloom. Okra needs slightly acidic to neutral soil. You can intercrop with other plants such as maize and onions. The plant tends to thrive better on a raised bed or ridges than when planted on flat soil. As a bonus, you will also get to know the health benefits of eating okra from this article. Do not rotate okra with crops which are also susceptible to nematodes such as sweet potatoes and squash. Pruning keeps the pods within reach of shorter gardeners, and persuades the stalk to form a bush with many more productive tips. Experts say if you can grow tomatoes in your garden, you can grow okra. Stage 5. You will also become familiar with the different varieties of okra you can grow commercially. The longer they get, the more fibrous and woody they become. The outer shell is a pod. How deep to plant okra. Once okra pods start growing, they grow quickly. Okra grows best in growing zones 7 and higher. Let’s see the step by step process of growing okra commercially. Insect pests that affect okra fall into two categories, they are; foliage feeders and pod feeders. It grows upwards, and doesn’t take a lot of space. It even grows well where the soil is poor. It needs heat. One reason okra is easy to grow is that it tolerates different types of soil and climates. Clemson Spineless, as the name implies, is spineless and gives heavy yields. It takes 58 days before it starts producing okra. Be sure it has drain holes to prevent root rot. Once you wash your okra pods, make sure they are completely dry. This is a spineless, semi-dwarf variety with deep bright green, straight, angular pods requiring 55 to 58 days to reach maturity. I pruned back several okra plants by cutting a few inches off the top. Depending on variety, okra grows from 2 feet to as much as 10 feet tall, and usually produces green pods and yellow flowers with purple centers. Clay adds density and will help retain moisture and hold more water than sandy soil. It’s hardy, does well in the heat, and is somewhat drought tolerant. This may depend what month you plant the seeds. They also become more slimy. Store excess okra pods after harvesting, Weeds, insects, diseases, and pests control in okra farming, How to control insects in Okra Cultivation, How to control diseases that affect okra plant. Many people don’t favor okra for it’s gooey texture; however, it’s great for digestion and feeds good gut bacteria. Okra is a healthy sun-loving plant with a lot of nutritional benefits. You can do a soil test for pH. Your other option is to plant the seeds in a small pot to transplant later. Prelude okra variety requires 50 to 55 days to reach maturity and generally yields better than Clemson Spineless variety. Step 1: Decide if you are going to plant the seeds directly into the garden, pot, planter, container, garden bed, etc. This is because damage to pods or blossoms directly affects the edible part of the plant – the pod – hence the economic yield of the plant. How To PRUNE OKRA from Cutting Produce More Fruit. It is very important that all mature pods are removed from the plants as soon as possible. It takes a lot of energy for okra to produce seed pods. Research has shown that okra is subject to chilling injury. When considering okra plant care, it’s most important they get 6+ hours of sunlight each day. Okra is a heat-loving plant that cannot tolerate low temperatures for very long and frosts can be very dangerous to the plant. Companion plants for okra include tomatillo, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, and cucumbers. Check the plant regularly for an early appearance of aphids. Okra loves to be warm. Ensure proper planting and spacing of the okra plants, 6. 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