The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. Notes of C Minor Scale A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. In another lesson, we looked at the pattern of steps that allows us to form the major scale from a possible twelve notes.We also experimented with shifting the order of this pattern, and came up with the minor scale. 2. Constructing Major vs Minor Scales (Theory) Major Scale Formula. So from D to E is a whole step because it skips D♯. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. MINOR CHORDS. By Desi Serna . The A Minor is relative to C Major. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. Once you feel comfortable understanding the formula for a Major Scale and the chord formula for a Major Chord, you can start looking at other types of chords such as minor chords. In order to understand this scale, we need to understand the structure of the minor scale a little bit better. This should be review, but a half step is the distance from one key to the very next. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Blues Scale. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. The A Minor scale consists of seven notes. In classical music the Melodic minor scale is played going up and the natural minor scale is played going down. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. E minor Guitar Scale A Natural Minor Scale Patterns. Super Locrian is often used in jazz over an Altered Dominant chord (b9, #9, b5, #5, #11, b13) Melodic Minor w h w, w w w h 1 w 2 h b3 w 4 w 5 w 6 I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. This guitar scale reference contains the notes, formula, structure, positions, chords, and modes for the C Minor scale. A whole step is the distance from one key to a key two half steps higher or lower. Play the notes in the number order shown below. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. So from D to D♯ is a half step. For an in-depth lesson on the major scale, see Minor Scale Positions & Theory. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. The last of our scales in today’s lesson, the minor blues scale is the rule-breaker of the bunch. This scale has neither seven or five notes – Instead, it has six. Mode Formulas: How the “Church Modes” Are Made Major Scale Review. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. 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